Causes of prickly heat in babies
Prickly heat or heat rash is the most common acute inflammation of the skin due to excessive sweating in a hot and humid environment. The baby will feel itchy or even followed by a burst of hot burning pain, causing the poor babies to scratch which worsen the condition and may cause infection, folliculitis or abscess.
Infants and young children are more prone to prickly heat due to their delicate skin, sweat gland development and functions of regulating body temperature through sweat evaporation.
Caring for babies with prickly heat
- It is especially important to keep the baby in a well-ventilated environment to avoid excessive sweating.
- Cut the baby’s hair short or shave his head.
- Bathe the baby with warm water 2-3 times a day to keep the skin clean.
- Pay attention to areas like the neck, chest, back, armpits, forehead where the rash is commonly found. Bathing or wiping the sweat with warm towels may comfort your child.
- Cleanliness is key. Change the baby’s clothes frequently and keep the skin clean and dry. The clothes should be light, breathable, soft
- Babies with prickly heat generally do not need to be given any medicine. Mild prickly heat can be soothe with alcohol to prevent infection.
- Avoid washing with hot water and soap, nor use ointment drugs which may hinder the evaporation of sweat and aggravate the symptoms.
- Lightly apply some powder or warm water on the armpits, neck, front chest, back and crotch.
- Trim the baby’s nails and keep their hands clean, so as to prevent the baby from itching and scratching the skin.
- Use hats, umbrellas or sunglasses and apply child-friendly sunscreen when outdoors.
- Avoid holding the baby for a long period as this will aggravate poor heat dissipation and cause prickly heat.
- Feed light and easy to digest food for the baby. Vegetables and fruits which can regulate children’s allergic reactions are the best.
- Honeysuckle vines have good detoxification effects that can be used to bathe your baby, remove fetal toxins and effectively treat prickly heat.
- Sliced bitter gourd has a cooling effect, nourishing blood, kidney, spleen and liver. You can use the smashed bitter gourd to reduce the itch on your baby.
- Ginger can also be smeared to treat prickly heat, but not recommended for baby’s sensitive skin.